Donald Clarence Judd (June 3, 1928, Missouri – February 12, 1994, Manhattan) was an American artist who was generally considered the leading international exponent of minimalism. In his work, Judd sought autonomy and clarity for the constructed object and the space created by it, ultimately achieving a rigorously democratic presentation without compositional hierarchy.
Judd began in the 1970s to work on a larger scale, gradually creating a type of open-air museum of his work surrounding his studio at Marfa, Texas. In 1984 he also began applying the principles of his sculpture to a plain style of furniture. A favorite form was the box, either closed, semi-hollow or transparent, presented neutrally so as to refute any symbolic connotation. In some cases a number of boxes were attached to the wall in the form of a stack of alternating solids and voids of equal size. Many of the works embodied seriality, either as a simple mathematical progression or as a repetition of a standard unit.
Judd received grants and awards from the National Endowment for the Arts, the Swedish Institute, and the John Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, among others.
“After all, the work isn’t the point; the piece is.” – Donald Judd –